While French schoolteachers of the late nineteenth century have been widely celebrated for converting ‘peasants into Frenchmen’, their interwar counterparts have enjoyed little such acclaim. Both contemporary critics and subsequent scholars have condemned French pacifist schoolteachers of the interwar decades for cultivating antipatriotism and facilitating the defeat of 1940. In this book, Mona L. Siegel challenges such equations of teachers’ pacifism with national betrayal. Drawn to pacifist ideals in the aftermath of World War I, schoolteachers sought to ‘morally disarm’ the nation by purging their classrooms of the militaristic images, symbols, narratives, and values that had led their generation to accept war without question in 1914. At the same time, however, their teaching remained rooted in longstanding patriotic and republican traditions. Siegel argues that interwar schoolteachers ultimately solidified French citizens’ patriotic loyalties in an era when economic hardship and political extremism threatened to undermine those very ideals.Community Review
- You’re getting ready to leave high school and graduate. You should think carefully about a number of important decisions, including which university you plan to attend. This is an important choice among many others in your immediate future. This article will be a huge help!Try and keep a part-time job throughout your college career; as tough as it may be to balance work and studies, the extra money, you make can make a big difference. If you have a huge amount of money to pay back once you are finished, life will be much more difficult after graduation so try and work your way through it.Read the course syllabus first thing. The syllabus will tell you when your instructor is available to answer questions and provide extra help. You will quickly see what will be expected of you in the course. The syllabus tells you what your instructor wants you to learn, and thus how to prepare for tests.Use online resources to study at home. Popular study aids include Quizlet and Memrise. You can use these websites to create flashcards for your class. Often, someone else has already made flashcards for your class or subject of study. In this case, you can use what is already available to study.Going to college is a real commitment. If you are thinking about getting an education, you need to make sure you will have enough time to attend classes and do your homework. You might have to make some changes to your schedule, talk to your family and to your employer before you enroll for school.Before taking a test, do a thorough review of your notes. Studying is crucial for a test, but a complete review of your notes just before taking the test can keep the information fresh in your mind. The fresher the information is in your mind, the more easily you can remember it during the test. This can better your performance drastically.Try to take advantage of your college’s resources at all times, as you should visit the counseling center if you are feeling overwhelmed. The people in this center can help you to get back on the right path and make sure that you do not dig a hole that is too deep during your stay.Every time you purchase something with cash, put your spare change into a jar and try not to touch it. Once the jar has filled up, count out the money and use it toward something you need, like books or living expenses. While it may be easier to use a coin-counting machine, try and refrain. You will wind up giving them too much of your hard-earned cash.Take notes; don’t just sit back and listen in class. Taking the notes also makes you repeat important information in your head. This can go a long way in aiding your study sessions. Even if you are feeling sure of yourself, it is important to take notes.Register as early as you can for classes. By putting it off until the last minute, you are not guaranteed a spot in your desirable class, meaning you may have to wait to take it until the next semester. Once you decide you want a particular course, register right away.Set yourself up for success in college by taking your habits and ideas into consideration. For example, think about whether you are a morning person or an afternoon person. If you aren’t a morning person, don’t even think about signing up for an early class. Schedule courses later in the day so you won’t be tempted to skip.If you are a coffee junkie, try not to purchase a serving every day. Coffeehouses charge too much. Make coffee yourself. While it may not be as convenient as picking it up while you are on the go, you will save a lot of money in the process. It is possible to buy a good coffee maker at a reasonable price.Make good use of your campus library. College libraries offer numerous resources which can help you succeed in your classes. Get acquainted with the librarian, as he or she can help you find exactly what you need to do well in your classes. Also, there may be a bulletin board filled with advertisements for used books for sale. You can get a great deal on them if you act quickly.Taking classes is important but you should also find some kind of activities you can do on campus. All colleges have a lot of clubs or teams you can join, but you could also volunteer for an association or even start your own club. You will be able to add this experience on your resume.As mentioned earlier, colleges are not all the same. Choosing the right college is important. The advice here should help you easily navigate college. Choosing the right college can make all the difference as to the experience you have there.